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Even though the most common symptoms that the majority of women usually experience during menstruation are cramps, mood swings, and irritability, headaches are also one of the most frequent and is known by the name of menstrual migraine.

Why do I get a headache during my period?

According to the scientific explanation, menstrual migraine is related to the decrease in estrogen levels in the blood that causes our head to be affected by these discomforts. Estrogens are capable of regulating the pain system by acting on different receptors located in the neurons that form part of the pain system. Here are some facts you should take into account about this pain.

  • It’s common for a migraine to begin with the first period.
  • There’s a menstrual prevalence (menstrual migraine).
  • It’s very likely to get better during pregnancy.
  • With menopause, the migraine usually improves or even disappears.
  • Hormonal treatments can affect migraines (contraceptive pill/hormonal substitutes).

There are two types of menstrual migraines:

Pure Migraine 

This attacks usually occur during the premenstrual period (day 1 of bleeding - 2 days). Pain can start from two days before the bleeding until two days after, with at least 2 out of 3 menstrual cycles.

Related Migraine

Menstruation-related migraines consist of a pure menstrual migraine. Here are some tips to help you relieve this pain in the best possible way:

  • Apply ice ❄ or a damp towel to the area where the pain is concentrated.
  • Do relaxation exercises since they help improve blood circulation and increase the production of endorphins that are responsible for reducing pain. Yoga and swimming 🏊‍♀️ are a good example. 
  • You've probably also heard about the power of acupuncture. This ancient practice is also perfect for reducing these headaches.

It’s important that you know how to differentiate between a menstrual migraine and a pathology, which is more lasting and extends beyond the days of menstruation. In any case, if the pain is very intense, always go to your doctor in search of the necessary diagnosis to know the origin of the pain, and thus, find the most appropriate treatment.